from 9 May to 30 June 2001
Site des Subsistances militaires
88 rue du Colombier
from Tuesday to Sunday, 11am to 7pm,
Monday from 2pm to 7pm
tel: 02 38 62 47 67
fax: 02 38 62 45 71
> CONNECTED EVENTS
> 1999/2000 CATALOG
|- ArchiLab is intended as a platform for meetings and exchanges between French and foreign architects, and between architects and developers. Since 1999, Archilab has become an international meeting-point for current, forward-looking architecture, focusing on challenges to architectural praxis.
ArchiLab 1999 concentrated on issues to do with changes in the architect's profession, the diversification of architects' skills, and the reappropriation of programmes. Thirty teams from a dozen countries were exhibited, and took part in the various meetings, which were also attended by international critics.
ArchiLab 2000, with the UrbaLab Symposium, turned its attention to questions of urbanness, and analysed new urban phenomena on a worldwide scale. Thirty new teams were exhibited, and all the sixty architects exhibited in 1999 and 2000 were invited to take part in round tables.
ArchiLab 2001 will focus on the issue of housing. What do housing living in houses mean today? How are architects proposing and responding to new forms of housing and inhabiting? So as to offer a very broad raft of approaches, 90 housing projects designed by 90 different teams will be on view. Apart from one or two names from earlier generations, it is mostly young architects, hailing from 18 countries, who will come and present their research.
A scientific selection committee, made up of European architectural critics, including some of the most groundbreaking in terms of architectural research - Manuel Gausa (SP), Christian Girard (F), Bart Lootsma (NL), Frédéric Migayrou (F), Andreas Ruby (D) - emphasizes the pluralism that is part and parcel of the ArchiLab approach.
How are individual wishes and desires to be taken into account, and how are collective ways of living to be individualized? and how is industrial production to be used to create unusual and specific proposals? Production methods are being rethought so as to end up producing convertible, multi-purpose housing, at times the outcome of a combined approach based on generative models. Interactive programmes, individualizing the home within a "standard" form of production, are also being explored.
Some architects are incorporating the dimension of the context and setting as a pre-condition of their approach to housing and habitat. Others are remodelling the territory, so as to develop multiple additional functional aspects within it, thus managing density in a new way. Precariousness, urgency and the need for temporary housing may prompt solutions leading to a "reversible colonization of the territory" (M. Gausa)
For its third conference, Archilab will include:
- An exhibition of 90 housing projects by 90 teams of architects, with supporting contributions from a handful of artists, invited to express their own way of looking at housing.
- Two days of round tables, bringing together the participating teams and critics, on this theme.
One of the abandoned Houses of Detroit, retrieved by Kyong Park and the ICUE (International Center for Urban Ecology), will be on view in the courtyard, like a frontispiece to the exhibition. "Building on Ashes" without nostalgia, here involving a new urban community, as well as a new living community, thus recovering one of the basic principles of architecture.
Wednesday 9 May, Thursday 10 May, Friday 11 May 2001
Conference Centre, place du 6 juin 1944, Orleans
Open to the public
ArchiLab will bring the 90 participating teams together for two days of round table discussions.
The first day, 9 May, will be devoted to an individual presentation of the approach and method of each architect, while day two, 10 May, will offer several round table groups, bringing the exhibitor architects together to discuss such subjects as "individualizing the collective space", "flexibility dictated by use", "creating the landscape", "new lifestyles, today and tomorrow", "subversion" and "form, creative process".
On Friday 11 May, in the morning, the various discussions will be summarized, in the presence of guests not directly involved in the conference.
from 12 May to 30 June 2001
The projects being shown in the exhibition will be grouped within six themes acting as a framework for discussion at the round tables. In no instance, however, does this pigeonholing have anything dogmatic about it: the categories worked out are not foolproof; and there may be shifts from one to another. What is proposed here is a reading key, aimed at highlighting different attitudes to the architecture of housing.
1) Individualizing collective housing
This concern has become more or less run-of-the-mill, encompassing, as it does, a set of issues associated with the city and with places where there is a premium on space. In most instances, the issue is raised in terms of space-saving. The answer is usually conveyed by an increase in density. How is density to be increased and the hetereogeneity of population groups to be taken into consideration? How is unity to be retained in terms of urban development, and how is the community-oriented idea to be preserved by favouring a diverse range of appropriation methods, permitting their evolution? How is the public place to be reconciled with the need for an identity-based space?
Flexibility was a popular theme in the 1970s. Thirty years later, this concern is re-remerging, though set forth in different terms. Do-it-yourself and the open form, where the daily round is dictated by use, have replaced "architectless architecture". "The industrialization of the building" ushered in the design of housing units with moveable partitions, offering multi-purpose areas. Today, industrialized production methods are veering towards the possibility of formulating unusual propositions based on assemblage amd the combination of prefabricated modular parts. "Cooperation and consultation with users", aimed at embracing individual and collective wishes within the design, has taken on different forms as a result of the new communication technologies, helping towards a real collaboration between architects and their clients.
3) Creating the landscape
For some people, presence in place is crucial. The landscape becomes a binding feature between architecture and nature. Housing belongs to the place where it is erected. It is buried and becomes landscape, incorporating the context; it invents the landscape, and glorifies it, rising up to break with it, or alternatively be in continuity with it. It creates another territory, or turns into metaphor, in memory of vanished activities.
4) New lifestyles, today and tomorrow
As a response to the emergence of new lifestyles associated with living conditions, reprogramming strategies are being introduced, stemming from day-to-day reality, taking uses, and the way they are overlaid, into account, to the point of proposing an architecture that has a make-believe, anticipatory value. What is appearing is a non-standard conception of housing, not trying to get values across or express them, but meeting current requirements, and at the same time being in a position to adapt to the evolution of life.
What also appear are new forms, claiming to respond to an announced, nomadic, de-territorialized lifestyle, turning housing into an extension of the body, where space is made the best possible use of; it also sidesteps the natural landscape and, at will, rebuilds another that is virtual and modulable.
This should be understood here as an attitude that blurs practices, and hijacks procedures and tools. Challenging constructive customs, getting round the rules and regulations, subverting conventional forms: all these things conspire to dismantle accepted ideas of their own praxis and, by contamination, underpin a critical discourse on the contemporary world: a harsh or, alternatively, hushed objection, which may take shape on the borderline of legality or, conversely, take the path of a pragmatic practice, and turn the derisory into a positive tool.
6) Form--Creative process
Over and above issues to do with housing, form or, rather, the creative process, is still the major concern in design, for some people. Form may be the outcome of technological manipulation, a choice of structure and material, a way of handling the volume, the plan, or alternatively, the product of a self-generating system. Architecture may result from the context, and from overlaid territories which disorganize the form. In some instances it incorporates the effects of time and climate, and turns into landscape.
||- "12 schools of architecture in
opening: 9 May 2001 from 7:00pm
Twelve schools of architecture in Europe will each present housing projects, designed by students. More than 20 experimental projects, some of them prototypes, will be on view at the FRAC Centre, attesting to the creative thrust of architectural research in European schools of architecture (Paris, Rennes, London, Brussels, Zagreb, Berlin, Dessau, Vienna, Graz, Lisbon and Barcelona).
Curated by Marie-Ange Brayer, Béatrice Simonot
- "Inside House, a familiar terrain"
Museum of Fine Arts, Orleans
opening: 10 May 2001 from 8:00pm
This exhibition will bring together the work of a dozen young artists around the theme of domesticity: sculptures and design objects will play on the ambiguity between household object and artwork, questioning the way the house and home "functions".
Curated by Céline Saraiva
- Jean Renaudie
Orleans Multimedia Library
opening: 10 May 2001 from 7:30pm
The FRAC Centre will show a collection of drawings and archives of the architect Jean Renaudie, designer of housing projects in Ivry and Givors, who radically rethought the concept of public housing in the 1970s. This exhibition, which will also put on view, among other things, the Vaudreuil project which was never built, will offer an opportunity to question the recurrence of certain issues from that period.
Curated by Marie-Ange Brayer
- Cinema des Carmes
Screening of films and documentaries about architecture throughout the ArchiLab conference.
- Lectures at IAV (Institut dArts Visuels)
Organized by IAV.
- Curators: Marie-Ange Brayer, Béatrice Simonot
- Scientific committee: Manuel Gausa, Christian Girard, Bart Lootsma, Frédéric Migayrou, Andreas Ruby General co-ordination: Sophie Pétris
- Project supervision: City of Orléans
- Cultural Programmes Office, Anne Perrot Directrice, assisted by Françoise-Hélène Maupaté
- General administration: Yves Duranthon
- Design: Matali Crasset
- Graphics and public benefit image: Laurent Pinon, assisted by Sébastien Morel
- Public relations: David Lafois, assisted by Solène Bescond
- Webmaster: Paul Laurent
"Archilab: Radical Experiments in Global Architecture"
Thames & Hudson
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